Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Ginalloa andamanica Kurz in J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 41(2): 309. 1872 & Forest Fl. Burma 2: 326. 1877; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 228. 1886; L.Rasingam et al. in J. Threatened Taxa 2(9): 1158, f. 1. 2010.

Semiparasitic shrubs, ca 80 cm high, dichotomously branched; branchlets black, terete, longitudinally wrinkled, glabrous, with whitish, ellipsoid lenticels and rudimentary cataphylllike leaves (ca 1 mm long); internodes up to 4 cm long. Leaves opposite, obovate, suborbicular or ovate-oblong, oblique and attenuate at base, decurrent into petioles, rounded at apex, entire to wavy, 2 – 6.5 x 1 – 4 cm, thickly coriaceous, glabrous, faintly 3-nerved from base; petioles up to 2 mm long. Spikes axillary and terminal and in forks of stem branches, ca 5 cm long; bracteoles entire to shortly fimbriate. Flowers minute, clustered, dioecious, sunk in the fleshy rachis of the spikes and by a thin dilation of the rachis; perianth segments 3, triangular. Fruits ellipsoid, angled, ca 7 x 3 mm, glabrous, slightly tuberculate, crowned by the persistent perianth.

Fl. & Fr. Feb. – June.

Distrib. India: Semiparasitic on Artocarpus chama Buch.-Ham. in inland evergreen forests. Andaman & Nicobar Isl., Little Andaman Island, between Krishna Nallah and Nanjappa Nagar, 15 May 2007, L. Rasingam 25930 (PBL). Extremely rare and endangered.


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