Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Viscum angulatum B.Heyne ex DC., Prodr. 4: 283. 1830; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 225. 1886. V. ramosissimum Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 3: t. 1017 tantum, 1845.

Mar.: Bandaguli.

Monoecious, green or yellowish, herbaceous or shrubby, semi-stem-parasites, usually hanging; stems slender, angular; branches numerous, more than 2 or rarely decussate at nodes. Leaves scaly, mostly not visible, up to 0.5 mm long, sometimes prophylls seen at the base of the branches. Inflorescences sessile, lateral, 1 or 3-flowered, if 1-flowered it is female and subtended by 2 bracts which are connate at base; if 3-flowered, the central one is female and the laterals male with individual bracts. Male flowers: globose, laterally compressed and wedge-shaped towards the base, ca 1 x 1 mm; perianth lobes 4, broadly ovate, ca 0.5 x 0.5 mm; stamens 4, sessile; anthers attached to the perianth lobes, opening by pores. Female flowers: ca 1.2 x 0.5 mm; perianth lobes 4, broadly ovate, ca 0.5 x 0.5 mm; ovary inferior; style short, conical and stigma nipple-shaped. Fruits baccate, subglobose to globose, up to 4 mm in diameter, with persistent bracts at base.

Fl. & Fr. Feb. - Aug.

Distrib. India: Confined to the peninsular India and includes the whole of the Western Ghats from the border areas of Gujarat and southwards covering Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and southern areas of Andhra Pradesh.

Asia and Australia.

Pollen. Triangular, slightly convex, subprolate, tricolporate, 32.5 - 26.2 μm (Feur & Kujit, Amer. J. Bot. 69: 1 - 12. 1982).

Chromosome no. From Taiwan: n – 11 (Feung, Taiwania 11: 113 – 118. 1965).

Hosts. Reported on Opilia amentacea, Ziziphus xylopyra, Olea dioica and Terminalia cuneata.

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