Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Viscum heyneanum DC., Prodr. 4: 278. 1830. V. heyneanum var. liocarpum Danser in Blumea 4: 305. 1941. V. verruculosum Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 379. 1834; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 224. 1886. V. orbiculatum Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 3: 13, t. 1016. 1845; Hook.f., l. c., 224. 1886. V. orientale sensu Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 136. 1859 (non Willd., 1806); Hook.f., l. c. 5: 224. 1886.


Evergreen monoecious, partial stem-parasites, up to 40 cm long, much branched; branches dense and sometimes whorled apically, often decussate towards the apices. Leaves sessile or subsessile, normal, opposite, orbicular-ovate to obovate or elliptic to oblanceolate, attenuate to narrowed at base, acute to rounded at apex, entire or slightly wavy along margins, 1.5 - 3 x 0.6 - 1.5 cm, glossy above, subcoriaceous, with 3 - 5 longitudinal nerves with a distinct network of veins. Inflorescence cymose, usually lateral and axillary, up to 5 at each node; peduncle up to 4 mm long or absent, bearing up to 2 mm long navicular cup of 2 bracts at apex, enclosing 3 sessile flowers; the flowers all female, all male or heterosexual; bracts 1.5 - 2 mm long, connate at base. Male flowers: obovoid, ca 1.9 x 1.4 mm; perianth lobes 4, deltoid, ca 1.5 x 1 mm; stamens 4; anthers sessile, suborbicular, ca 0.2 x 0.2 mm;. Female flowers: slightly compressed, ca 2 x 1.1 mm; perianth lobes 4, ca 0.7 x 0.4 mm; ovary inferior; style short, cylindrical; stigma nippleshaped. Fruit a berry, oblong, ca 5 x 2 mm, slightly warty, with a crown of persistent or subpersistent perianth lobes.

Fl. & Fr. Feb. - July.

Distrib. India: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, and extending to Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Sri Lanka.

Hosts. Punica granatum, Helecteris isora, Rhizophora sp., Memecylon umbellatum, Mallotus philippensis, Grewia flavescens, Syzygium jambolanum etc.




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