Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Viscum loranthi Elmer, Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 8: 3089. 1919. V. osmastonii Raizada in Indian Forester 60: 537, t. 55. 1934.


Monoecious dark green semi-stem-parasites found exclusively on loranthaceous members, up to 25 cm high; stems rigid, much branched at base; branches decussate. Leaves rudimentary or absent. Inflorescence sessile, forming a cluster of cymes at the apex of each internode just below the node, each 3-flowered, sessile, subtended by a cupule, the central flower being female, the laterals male, at times all the flowers female. Male flowers: ovoid, ca 0.7 mm long; perianth lobes 4. Female flowers: oblong, ca 1 mm long; perianth lobes 4, triangular; ovary inferior, verruculose; style very short with nipple-shaped stigma. Fruits ca 5 X 2 mm, drupaceous, sessile, subglobose to globose, coarsely wrinkled, crowned by persistent perianth lobes.

Fl. & Fr. May - Sept.

Distrib. India: Uttarakhand, Assam and Manipur.

Myanmar, China, Indonesia and Philippines.

Hosts. Mostly seen on the loranthaceous hosts, i. e. Taxillus vestitus, Scurrula cordifolia, S. pulverulenta and Dendrophthoe falcata.




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