Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Viscum malurianum Sanjai & N.P.Balakr. in Nord. J. Bot. 21: 267, f. 1. 2001.


Monoecious leafless, semi-stem-parasites, drooping from the branches and trunks of host trees; stems densely branched. Leaves absent. Inflorescence cymose, usually arising from the nodes, up to 8 together, sessile, usually with a central female flower and two lateral male flowers, enclosed in a depression at the node. Male flowers: sessile, ca 3 x 2 mm, enclosed in a 4-lobed involucral cup, ca 1.5 x 1.5 mm; each lobe triangular, serrate along margins, ca 1 x 1 mm, enclosed in another 2-lobed bracteal cupule of ca 1.7 x 2 mm; perianth lobes 4, suborbicular, ca 1.5 x 1 mm; stamens 4: anther lobes united, ca 1 x 0.5 mm, attached along the inner side of the perianth lobes. Female flowers: sessile, ca 4 x 2 mm, protected by two consecutive covering, the outer covering formed of a 4-lobed involucral cup, ca 1.5 x 1.5 mm, almost flower-like with a central seat; the upper cup formed by fusion of 2 bracts, ca 2 x 2.5 mm; perianth lobes 4, triangular, ca 0.7 x 0.5 mm; ovary inferior, ca 2 x 1 mm; style short; stigma round. Fruit a berry, globose to ovoid, 3 - 5 mm in diam., with persistent bracteal cup.

Fl. & Fr. March - July.

Distrib. India: Malur in Karnataka State.

Endemic.




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