Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Herbs, perennial, rhizomatous; rootstock covered with persistent leaf-bases; stems erect, simple, branched or scapose. Leaves radical or cauline, 3- to 5-lobed or partite, petiolate. Flowers actinomorphic, solitary or several in cymes or umbels; flowering stems With an involucre of 2 - 3(-4) leafy bracts below flowers. Sepals single-whorled, 4- 6(-14), petaloid Petals (honey leaves) absent. Stamens numerous. Carpels many, with one ovule in each. Achenes numerous in a head, ovoid, compressed or not, embedded in wool or not; style short, persistent, not feathery.

Cold temperate regions of N. hemisphere; ca 150 species, 17 in India.

Literature. BRUEHL, P. (1896) Aconitum L. In: Bruehl & King, A centuty of new and rare Indian plants. Ann. R. Bot. Gard. Calc. 5: 75 - 82. LAUENER, L. A. (1960) Notes on Anemone obtusiloba and its allies. Notes R. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 23: 179 - 201. ULBRICH, E. (1906 - 7) Uber die systematische Gliederung und geographische Verbreitung der Gattung Anemone L. Bot. Jahrb. 37: 172 - 334, tt. 1 - 3.


1a. Achenes embedded in wool 2
b. Achenes not embedded in wool 4
2a. Flowers many, in decompound cymes 17. Anemone vitifolia
b. Flowers few, 1 - 3 3
3a. Scapes glabrous; Flowers small, 2 - 3 cm in diam., dull red 1. Anemone biflora
b. Scapes silky hairy; flowers large, ca 5 cm in diam., white 13. Anemone rupicola
4a. Achenes strongly compressed 5
b. Achenes oblong-cylindric, not or slightly compressed 10
5a. Flowers on scapes or in Simple umbels 6
b. Flowers in branched umbels or in cymes 7
6a. Flowers up to 5 cm in diam., rose, pink, purple or mauve; persistent old leaf bases shredding into long black-gery fibrous strands 14. Anemone smithiana
b. Flowers ca 2.5 cm in diam., white or blue; persistent old leaf bases not as above 2. Anemone demissa
7a. Leaves 3-lobed or 3-sect 8
b. Leaves 5-to 7-lobed 9
8a. Flowers in lax umbellate cymes; stamens 50 - 70; carpels 10 -15 3. Anemone elongata
b. Flowers in lax dichasial cymes, not umbellate; stamens 20 - 35; carpels 3 -6 10. Anemone raui
9a. Flowers 2 - 3 cm across; involucels similar to involucral leaves; sepals usually 5 - 8 8. Anemone polyanthes
b. Flowers 3 - 4 cm across; involucels much smaller than involucral leaves; sepals usually 4 15. Anemone tetrasepala
10a. Flowers many in compound cymes 11. Anemone rivularis
b. Flowers on simple scapcs, few-flowered or flowers solitary 11
11a. Involucral leaves stalked 5. Anemone griffithii
b. Involucral leaves sessile 12
12a. Leaves trifoliolate; terminal leaflet distinctly stalked 12. Anemone rupestris
b. Leaves trisect or tridentate or pinnatisect, if trifoliolate terminal leaflet not stalked 13
13a. Leaves lobed or toothed, never divided to base or midrib 14
b. Leaves divided more than halfway down or up to the base 15
14a. Herbs densely haity; achenes hirsute 16. Anemone trullifolia
b. Herbs glabrous; achenes glabrous 6. Anemone howellii
15a. Sepals slightly longer than receptacle 4. Anemone geum
b. Sepals more than twice as long as the length of the receptacle 16
16a. Carpels with profuse rigid hairs 7. Anemone obtusiloba
b. Carpels glabrous or with a few rigid hairs 9. Anemone polycarpa

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