Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

JSP Page

Perennial erect herbs; rootstock woody, erect, short. Leaves compound, 1 - 3-ternate, with entire segments. Flowers large, 2 - 5 cm wide, bisexual, actinomorphic, variously coloured, white, yellow, red or purple, usually drooping, some fragrant. Sepals 5, regular, petaloid, deciduous. Petals (honey leaves) 5, infundibular, each with a flat limb and backwardly produced hollow straight or recurved spur. Stamens many, the innermost staminodes without anthers and scale-like. Carpels 5 or more free, with long styles, persistent in fruit. Follicles several, free, many-seeded, with transverse striations; seeds with crustaceous to granulose testa.

North temperate zones; ca 100 species, 5 species in India confined to Himalayas.


1a. Leaves all basal; stems leafless or with one small leaf 4. Aquilegia nivalis
b. Leaves basal and cauline; stems leafy 2
2a. Spur much curved 3
b. Spur long and straight or only sliahtly booked at tip 4
3a. Sepals pubescent 5. Aquilegia pubiflora
b. Sepals galandular-ciliate 2. Aquilegia kareliniana
4a. Herbs pubescent or glandular; sepals obtuse 1. Aquilegia fragrans
b. Herbs glaucous; sepals ovate-acute 3. Aqullegia moorcroftiana

JSP Page
  • Search