Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Magnolia campbelli Hook. f. & Thomson, Fl. Ind. 77. 1855 & in Fl. Brit. India 1: 41.1872

Asm.: Lal-champ; Nep.: Goge-champ, Lal-champ.

Trees, up to 45 m high, deciduous. Leaves unfolding after flowers, elliptic-oblong, subobovate to ovate, cordate-rounded at base, acute or acuminate at apex, 20 - 30 x 8 - 14 cm, glaucous pubescent or silky beneath; lateral nerves 14 - 16 pairs; petioles ca 3.5 cm long, pilose; stipules pilose; stipular scars 5 - 7 mm. Flowers appearing before leaves, solitary, terminal, erect, ca 15 cm across; bracts large, spathaceous, enclosing the buds, ovate to obovate, ca 5 x 4 cm, covered with golden yellow tomentum, caducous. Perianth parts 12 - 16, obovate, 9 - 11 x ca 5 cm; outer ones yellow, inner ones white with purple or pink at base. Stamens numerous, free, purplish; filaments short, ca 6 mm long; anthers up to 2.5 cm long; connectives produced into an appendage. Carpels numerous, sessile, exserted above the stamens, purplish, ovoid, with a stigmatic crest set with papillae. Fruiting receptacle cylindrical, ca 15 x 3 cm; ripe carpels obovoid, laterally compressed, ca 1.5 x 1 cm. Seeds 2, compressed, obovoid, ca 8 x 5 mm.

Fl. & Fr. Feb. - Oct.

Distrib. India: E. Himalayas, broad-leaved forests,1000 - 3000 m. Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur.

Myanmar and China (Tibet).

Notes. This species and its many cultivars are valued as ornamental and often cultivated on hills of Tamil Nadu.

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