Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Consolida (DC.) S.F. Gray

Herbs, annual; stems erect, simple or branched, hairy. Leaves palmately laciniate; lobes linear, flat, more or less ciliate; lower leaves long-petioled. inflorescences racemose or paniculate; pedicels subtended by bracts and each with 2 bracteoles; flowers zygomorphic. Sepals 5, petaloid, the posterior one spurred, lateral and lower pairs not spurred. Petal one, formed by the fused upper petals modified into a nectary (or called ''honey-leaf''), 3-lobed, its spur extending into the sepal spur; lower petals absent. Stamens many, in 5 spiral series; filaments broad; anthers short. Carpel 1, developed into a hairy oblique, cylindrical or flattened follicle.

North temperate and mediterranean regions to N. W. Himalayas; about 40 species, 3 in India.

Literature. MUNZ, P. A. (1967) A synopsis of the Asian species of Consolida (Ranunculaceae). J. Arn. Arb. 48: 159 - 202.


1a. Bracteoles usually placed below the middle of the pedicel, not reaching the base of the flower; sepals 12 -14 mm long; spur more than 12 mm long 1. Consolida ambigua
b. Bracteoles usually placed above the middle of the pedicel, reaching to and beyond the base of the flower; sepals 6 - 11 mm long; spur less than 11mm long 2
2a. Spur 9 - 11 mm long; follicles oblong-cylindric, 15 mm or more long 2. Consolida orientalis
b. Spur 6 - 7 mm long; follicles oblong-flattened, ca 10 mm long 3. Consolida schlagintweitii

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