Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Magnolia hodgsonii (Hook. f. & Thomson) Keng in Gard. Bull. Singapore 31(2): 129. 1978. Talauma hodgsonii Hook. f. & Thomson, Fl. Ind. 74. 1855 & in Fl. Brit. India 1: 40. 1872.

Asm.: Boromthuri, Dat-bhola; Kh.: Dieng-soy-pydem; Mikir: Boromthari-arong; Nep.: Balu-kath, Chiuri, Hare.

Evergreen trees, 8 - 18 m tall; branches few, spreading; bark grey, warty. Leaves oblanceolate to obovate-oblong. cuneate to acute at base, acuminate to rounded and suddenly apiculate at apex, 20 - 50 x 10 - 22.5 cm, thinly coriaceous, glabrous; lateral nerves 15 - 25 pairs, parallel, ridged beneath; petioles 2.5 - 7 cm long, terete, swollen at base, with stipular scars along the entire length. Flower buds subglobose or ovoid, 2.5 - 7.5 cm across; flowers white or pale pink, sweet-scented, never fully opening, 7 - 10 cm across. Sepals 3, oblong, obtuse, ca 3 x 2.5 cm, greenish white, fleshy. Petals 6 - 9, in 2 - 3 series, similar to sepals in shape, purplish and greenish white at base. Stamens sessile, linear-lanceolate, ca 1.5 cm long, ca 2.5 cm wide, yellowish, greyish velvety; connective produced beyond anthers, acute, glabrous. Carpels sessile, closely embracing and imbricating on gynophore, glabrous. Fruiting receptacles ovoid or ellipsoid, 10 - 15 cm long, 6 - 9 cm thick; ripe carpels ovoid, sharply beaked, 3 - 4 cm long, ca 1 cm broad; ca 6 mm thick, dehiscent on ventral suture, separating from the axis, leaving deep square pits and seeds suspended by elastic silky cords from the upper ends of the pits. Seeds 3 - 4 in each carpel, oblong, plano-convex, ca 9 mm long, ca 7 mm broad, ca 3 mm thick, red, shiny.

Fl. April - June; Fr. Aug.- Sept.

Distrib. India: Tropical and subtropical E. Himalayas and N.E. India, warm broad- leaved forests, up to 1000 m. West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam and Meghalaya.

Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar.


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