Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Magnolia insignis Wallich, Tent. Fl. Nep. 3, t. 1. 1824 & in Pl. Asiat. Rar. 2: 78, t. 182. 1832. Manglietia insignis (Wallich) Blume var.latifolia Hook. f. & Thomson and var. angustifolia Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 42. 1872.


Asm.: Pan-sopa, Phul-sopa; Kh.: Dieng-rhi-basaw.

Evergreen trees, 25 - 30 m tall. Leaves elliptic-lanceolate, cuneate at base, acute or acuminate at apex, 15 - 22.5 x 5 - 7.5 cm, coriaceous, glabrous, shiny above; lateral nerves 16 - 20 pairs, alternationg with shorter ones, laxly reticulate; midrib raised beneath, grooved above; petioles 2.5 - 3.5 cm long. Flower buds ovoid to ellipsoid, 3 - 4 cm long, 1.5 - 2 cm thick; flowers 10 - 15 cm across, pale pink, fragrant. Sepals 3, subequal, obovate, cuneate at base, obtuse to subobtuse at apex, 4 - 6 x 2 - 4 cm, pink. Petals 9, white or pinkish, fleshy. Anthers sessile or nearly so at the base of the gynoecium; filaments linear, 8 - 10 mm long, yellow; connective produced into an acicular append- age. Gynoecium sessile; carpels ca 40 or more, imbricating, beaked; ovules 4 - 6 in each. Fruiting receptacle narrowly ovoid to subcylindric, 5 - 8 x 4 - 5 cm, bright purple when fresh; ripe carpels persistent on gynophore, woody, dorsally dehiscing. Seeds 4 - 6 in each, suspended by a silky cord, faceted, 5 - 6 x 3 - 4 mm, bright red.

Fl. & Fr. May - July; Fr. Sept. - Jan.

Distrib. India: Subtropical and temperate E. Himalayas and N. E. India, from 400 to 1500 m. Sikkim, Assam, Manipur and Meghalaya.

Endemic.

Notes. Timber is good for cabinets.





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