Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Magnolia pterocarpa Roxb., Pl. Corom. 3: 62, t. 266. 1820. Liriodendron grandiflorum Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 654. 1832. Magnolia sphenocarpa Hook. f. & Thomson, Fl. Ind. 78.1855 & in Fl. Brit. India 1: 41. 1872.


Kh.: Dieng-soh-dkhar; Nep.: Patpate-champ.

Evergreen trees, up to 30 m tall; branchlets pubescent when young. Leaves elliptic to obovate, attenuate at base, obtuse or subacute at apex, 18 - 35 x 9 - 18 cm, coriaceous, glabrous and shiny above, rusty tomentose beneath when young; lateral nerves 16 - 20 pairs; petioles 2 - 5 cm long, glabrous; stipules 10 - 12.5 cm long, greenish white, caducous; stipular scars about as long as petiole. Flower buds ovoid, 5 - 6 cm long; flowers white, fragrant, 12.5 - 15 cm across. Perianth parts 9, outer 3 sepaloid, 7.5 - 5 cm long, green outside, greenish white inside, coriaceous; inner 6 petaloid, dull white, thinner. Stamens numerous; filaments short; anthers ca 2 cm long, introrse. Gynoecium ovoid, ca 3.5 cm in diam. Fruiting receptacle ellipsoid, ca 15 x 7 cm; ripe carpels oblong, 2.5 - 4 X 1.3 cm, narrowed at apex into a flattened lanceolate ca 3.5 x 1 mm beak. Seeds 2, orange.

Fl. & Fr. April- Nov.

Distrib. India: E. Himalayas and N. E. India, up to 500 m. West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam and Meghalaya.

Myanmar.

Notes. Wood is used in making tea chests.




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