Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Aconitum deinorrhizum Stapf in Ann. R. Bot. Gard. Calc. 10: 158, t. 103. 1905.

Hindi: Mohra (Bashahr).

Herbs, biennial; roots paired; stem 1 - 1.5 m high, erect, simple, sparingly hairy. Leaves scattered; petioles slender, 5 - 7 cm long; lamina reniform, ca 15 cm in diam., 5-partite; lobes and teeth acute, finely pubescent. Inflorescence simple, racemose, 30 - 40 cm long, greyish pubescent; pedicels slender, up to 6 cm long. Sepals blue; uppermost sepal oblique, helmet or boat-shaped with a short beak, ca 2 x 0.6 cm; upper lateral sepals obovate, ca 1.5 x 1 cm; lower lateral sepals elliptic, 10 - 15 mm long. Petals densely hispidulous; head S-shaped, ca 8 mm long; spur recurved. Filaments hairy. Follicles 3, greyish pubescent. Seeds obconic, ca 3 mm long, transversely lamellate.

Fl. Aug. - Sept.

Distrib. India: Alpine grassy slopes, 3000 - 3500 m. Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh ( Bashahr).

Notes. An important drug of the local trade (Sarin & Gupta in Bull. Bot. Surv. India 9: 282 - 293. 1967). A poison is prepared from the root (Stapf, l. c.).


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