Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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CODIAEAE (Pax) Hutch.

Trees or shrubs; laticifers not articulated with clear or sometimes reddish and non-toxic latex; indumentum simple or stellate. Leaves penninerved or triplinerved, unlobed, usually eglandular; stipules often caducous, sometimes obsolete. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, racemose or paniculate. Male flowers: sepals 4 - 6, free or connate, imbricate or valvate; petals mostly 5, free, usually imbricate; disc dissected or lobed; stamens (5 -) 10 - 100 or more, free or basally connate; pollen grains binucleate, globose, inaperturate, sexine with Croton-pattern; pistillode absent. Female flowers: sepals 4 – 6, usually imbricate, sometimes accrescent; petals as many as sepals, sometimes absent; disc annular, rarely dissected or absent; ovary mostly 3- locular; styles unlobed or bipartite. Fruits capsular; columella usually persistent; seeds carunculate or ecarunculate; testa sometimes fleshy; endosperm present.

Tropical America, Africa, Asia and Australia, 15 genera; 6 genera in India.


1 a. Herbs or shrubs; petals absent 30. Baliospermum
b. Shrubs or trees; petals present, at least in male flowers 2
2 a. Petals present in female flowers 3
b. Petals absent in female flowers 4
3 a. Male calyx almost truncate; female calyx accrescent, often enlarged 32. Dimorphocalyx
b. Male calyx lobed; female calyx not accrescent, if accrescent then not enlarged 33. Ostodes
4 a. Inflorescences terminal 31. Blachia
b. Inflorescences axillary 5
5 a. Wild forest plants with normal green leaves; styles bifid, quadrifid or multifid 34. Sphyranthera
b. Cultivated garden plants with variegated foliage; styles entire (cult.) 0. Codiaeum

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