Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Scurrula elata (Edgew.) Danser in Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, Ser. 3, 10: 350. 1929. Loranthus elatus Edgew. in Trans. Linn. Soc., London 20(1): 58. 1846; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 212. 1886.


Branches and leaves rusty stellate hairy when young, glabrous when old. Leaves opposite and alternate, broadly ovate to obliquely ovate, rounded at base, acuminate at apex, 3.5 - 16 x 2.5 - 9 cm, coriaceous; lateral nerves 5 - 7 pairs; petioles 1.5 - 2.5 cm long. Inflorescences centrifugal pseudoracemes; peduncle solitary, 6 - 10-flowered, 2 - 2.3 cm long; flower buds spathulate, 2.5 - 2.8 cm long, rusty stellate hairy. Flowers slightly ventricose at middle, 2.8 - 3 cm long; pedicels slender, terete, 5 - 6 mm long, glabrous; bracts elliptic-ovate, cucullate, obtuse, 1.2 - 1.5 x 0.8 - 1 mm. Calyculus obsolete. Petals united, 2.5 - 3.5 cm long; tube slightly ventricose at middle, with median split extending to two-third the length; lobes linear-oblong, unilaterally reflexed, 2 - 2.3 cm long. Stamens erect; filaments flat; anthers linear-oblong, 2 - 3 mm long. Ovary obconical, 3 - 4 mm long, rusty stellate hairy, with epigynous glands; style 4-gonous; stigma elliptic-ovate, obtuse. Fruits obovoid or turbinate, 5 - 6 x 3 - 4 mm, areolate, glabrous.

Fl. & Fr. March - Sept.

Distrib. India: Temperate regions of Himalayas, in evergreen oak forests, at 2000 - 3200 m altitude, found on a limited number of hosts, viz. Aesculus indica, Populus ciliata, Prunus persica, Rhododendron arboreum, etc. Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Sikkim.

Nepal, Bhutan and China.

Notes. Few vessel members with a few large circular lateral openings; fibres moderately thick-walled, broad-lumened with or without a few reduced pittings.

Pollen 3-lobed; P - 27 (31.9) 34 µm; E - 44 (47.1) 52 µm; P/E - 0.70 µm; ex. 2 µm; col. 1 µm.




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