Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Annona cherimola Miller, Gard. Dict. ed. 8, no. 5. 1768.


Trees, young branches fulvous tomentose. Leaves ovate to ovate-lanceolate, sometimes elliptic, usually rounded at base, obtuse or obtusely acuminate at apex, 10 - 14 x 3.5 - 6.5 cm, velvety-tomentose beneath, sparsely pubescent above. Flowers usually solitary, sometimes 2 - 3 together, extra-axillary or leaf-opposed; pedicels 1 - 1.3 cm long, tomentose. Sepals 3, almost triangular, 2 - 3 x ca 5 mm, brown tomentose outside. Petals 6 (3 + 3); outer ones prominent, oblong to linear-oblong, keeled inside, 2 - 3 x ca 0.5 cm, velvety tomentose, greenish yellow or rufous on upper surface, pale yellow or whitish inside, purple at base; inner ones minute, squamose, ovate or triangular, keeled outside, usually flesh-coloured or purple. Stamens numerous, ca 1 mm long, convex at top of the connective. Carpels numerous, linear-oblong, ca 1.5 mm long, with straight hairs; stigma sessile, spathulate. Ripe carpels united into a globose or subglobose fruit, smooth or slightly areolate; stalks ca 2 cm long. Seeds many.

Fl. June - July; Fr. Nov. - Jan.

Distrib. India: Tamil Nadu, cultivated.

Central America, S. America and West Indies.

Notes. Fruits edible.




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