Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Annona glabra L., Sp. Pl. 537. 1753; Bailey, Cyel. Hort. 1: 293. 1958; Kadavil & Antony in J. Swamy Bot. Club 5(2): 117 - 118, ff. 1 - 6. 1988. A. palustris L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 757. 1762.


Mal.: Kattatha.

Shrubs or small trees, 3 - 7 m tall; roots profusely branched, with soft aerenchyamatous thick corky pith. Leaves simple, alternate, oblong-lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, obtuse at base, acuminate at apex, entire, 13 - 20 x5 - 8 cm, coriaceous, glabrous; petioles 1.5 - 2 cm long. Flowers solitary, cauline. Sepals 3, valvate, semiorbicular or ovate, 5 x 7 mm. Petals 6 (3 + 3); outer larger, ovate, 2 - 2.6 x 1.5 - 2 cm, cream-coloured with reddish patches inside; inner smaller, elliptic-oblong, 1.5 - 2 x 1 - 1.3 cm, cream-coloured with red and yellow patches inside. Stamens many, arranged on a ca 4 mm long torus; anthers hooded. Carpels numerous, arranged on torus. Fruit ovoid or subglobose, 4.5 - 8 x 4 - 6 cm, green, smooth, glabrous, sweet-scented and yellow when mature, not edible. Seeds numerous, elliptic, black, with ruminate endosperm.

Fl. & Fr. Jan. - April.

Distrib. India: West Coast of peninsular India, common along backwaters of Kumarakom Bird Sanctury in Kerala, naturalised in Kerala.

Native of tropical America and West Indies.

Notes. Roots are used for making corks. Fruits eaten by birds.




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