Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Annona reticulata L., Sp. Pl. 1: 573. 1753; Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 78. 1872.

Beng.: Nona; Eng.: Custard Apple; Hindi: Ramphal; Kan.: Ramphala; Or.: Neua; Mal.: Manilanilam; Tam.: Aninuna; Tel.: Ramphalam.

Trees, 4 - 12 m tall; branches glabrous. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, rounded at base, acute to acuminate at apex. 10 - 20 x 3 - 5 cm, minutely pubescent beneath when young, later glabrous; petioles 1 - 1.5 cm long, glabrous. Flowers in extra-axillary or terminal cymes, 2 - 3 together; pedicels 1.5 - 2 cm long; bracts basal and median. Sepals 3, broadly ovate, shortly acuminate, 1.5 - 3 x 2 - 3 mm, pubescent outside. Petals apparently 3, but 3 minute ones represent the inner whorl; outer ones narrowly oblong, triquetrous, concave at base, acute at apex, keeled inside,1.5 - 2 x 0.4 - 0.5 cm, pubescent outside, reddish at base inside; inner ones ca 2 mm long. Stamens numerous, ca 1 mm long; anther thecae narrow, with ovoid top on the connectives. Carpels many, ovoid to linear, ca 1 mm long, 1-ovuled; style oblong; stigma entire. Fruits ovoid to subglobose, 5 - 10 cm in diam., reticulate, areolate, many-loculed, many-seeded, yellowish brown to reddish green. Seeds black, arillate.

Fl. May - July; Fr. Sept. - Jan.

Distrib. India: Cultivated and often naturalised, up to 1200 m. Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

Native of Central America and W. Indies.

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