Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Annona squamosa L., Sp. Pl. 1: 537. 1753; Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 78. 1872.


Asm.: Atta-kolbal; Beng.: Ata; Eng.: Sugar Apple; Hindi: Sitaphal, Saripha; Kan.: Amrytaphala; Mal.:Atta, Sitapazham; Nep.: Shariphal; Or.: Ato; Tam.:Atta, Cilta; Tel.: Gandagatramu, Sitapalam.

Small trees or shrubs, 3 - 6 m tall; branches pubescent when young, glabrous with age. Leaves elliptic-oblong, acute to cuneate at base, obtuse or slightly acute at apex, 8 - 14 x 2.5 - 5 cm, glabrous, but pubescent on the nerves when young; petioles 0.6 - 1.5 cm long, glabrous. Flowers axillary, solitary or a few together, leaf-opposed; pedicels 1 - 3 cm long, glabrous, bracteate at base and sometimes at the middle; bracts 1 - 3 mm long, pubescent. Sepals 3, broadly ovate, shortly acuminate, 2 - 3 x 3 - 4 mm, pubescent outside. Petals apparently 3, but with 3 minute ca 1 mm long inner whorl; outer ones narrowly oblong, keeled inside, 1.5 - 3 x 0.3 - 0.5 cm, thick, greenish white or yellow, reddish at base inside, pubescent outside; inner ones rudimentary or absent. Stamens numerous, ca 1 mm long; anther-thecae narrow, with ovoid top of connectives. Carpels many, ca 1 mm long, subconnate, ovoid, pubescent, 1-ovuled; style oblong; stigma entire. Fruits ovoid-globose, 8 - 9 cm in diam., tuberculate with rounded tips, glaucous; pulp white, edible. Seeds many, black, shiny, arillate.

Fl. May - Aug.; Fr. Sept. - Jan.

Distrib. India: Cultivated and almost naturalised. Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

Native of Central America and West Indies.




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