Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Parvatia Decaisne

Large evergreen climbing monoecious shrubs. Leaves alternate, pinnately trifoliolate, coriaceous. Inflorescences racemose in axillary fascicles. Flowers unisexual, actinomorphic, bracteate. Sepals 6, biseriate, outer 3 valvate, inner 3 imbricate. Petals 6, smaller than sepals, lanceolate. Male flowers: Stamens 6; filaments united into a column; anthers oblong, apiculate; pistillodes minute, linear-lanceolate. Female flowers: Staminodes 6, minute, free; carpels 3; stigma sessile, oblong, acute; ovules many, covering the walls of each carpel, mixed with long hairs. Fruitlets 3, berries, indehiscent. Seeds numerous, embedded in pulp.

E. Himalayas, N. E. India, Bangladesh and S. China; 3 species, 2 in India.

Notes. Parvatia Decaisne differs from Stauntonia DC. in the presence of petals, the latter bearing no petals and is confined to China and do not occur in India.


1a. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, acuminate at apex; racemes solitary or few together; staminal column ca 1.5 mm long 1. Parvatia brunoniana
b. Leaves ovate-elliptic, acute or rounded at apex; racemes numerous, fascicled; staminal column ca 5 mm long 2. Parvatia elliptica

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