Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Parvatia elliptica (Hemsley) Nayar & T. K. Paul in Fasc. Fl. India 19: 36. 1988. Stauntonia elliptica Hemsley in Hook. Icon. Pl. t. 2844. 1907; Kanjilal et al., Fl. Assam 1(1): 60. 1934.

Large climbing shrubs; stems and branches striated. Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate; petiole 4 - 8 cm long, swollen at base; leaflets ovate or elliptic, rounded at base, acute or rounded at apex, entire and slightly recurved along margins, 4 - 10 x 2 - 5 cm, glabrous, paler beneath; lateral nerves 6 - 8 pairs; petiolule of the middle leaflet longer, 1 - 2.5 cm long. Inflorescences of many subcorymbose racemes in fascicles from imbricately bracteate axillary tubercles, 7 - 12 cm long; pedicels filiform, 3 - 5 mm long. Sepals 6, ovate or elliptic, irregularly ribbed, 5 - 10 x 2 - 4 mm. Petals 6, ca 1 mm long, much smaller than sepals, greenish yellow. Male flowers: Stamens 6, monadelphous, ca 5 mm long; anthers oblong; pistillodes minute. Female flowers: Staminodes minute; carpels 3, oblong, glabrous. Fruits when young of 4 distinct carpels, when mature solitary, oblong, ca 5 cm long and ca 2.5 cm across. Seeds numerous, embedded in yellow pulp, irregularly facetted, with thin grey papery arillus (or exocarp ?), shiny dark brown to almost black.

Fl. Aug. - Nov.; Fr. June - Nov.

Distrib. India: Arunachal Pradesh, Assam and Meghalaya.

Notes. Kanjilal et at (l. c.) state that the fruit takes 12 months to mature.

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