Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Viscum ramosissimum Wall. ex Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 380. 1834; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 225. 1886.


Monoecious, pendulous, herbaceous partial stem-parasites, very rarely erect on the branches as well as on main trunks of the host; stems slender; branches numerous, decussate or more than two at each node; nodes swollen. Leaves generally absent. Inflorescences usually sessile and lateral, 1- or 3-flowered, if 1-flowered, then female ones subtended by 2 bracts connate at base; if 3-flowered, the central one being female and the laterals male with individual bracts; bracts triangular, ca 0.7 x 0.7 mm. Male flowers: subglobose, compressed laterally, ca 1 x 1 mm; perianth lobes 4, broadly ovate, ca 0.7 x 0.5 mm; stamens 4; anthers sessile, orbicular, attached to the perianth lobes on the inner surface, ca 0.5 mm across. Female flowers: oblong, ca 1.7 x 0.7 mm; perianth lobes 4, ca 0.5 x 0.2 mm; ovary inferior; style short, slightly conical; stigma nipple-shaped. Fruits small, drupaceous, subglobose to globose.

Fl. & Fr. Feb. - Aug.

Distrib. India. Western Ghats of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and in the southern parts of Andhra Pradesh.

Sri Lanka.

Pollen. Triangular, slightly convex, prolate, tricolporate, 35.4 - 25.9 μm. (Feur & Kujit, Amer. J. Bot. 69: 1 - 12. 1982).




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