Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Viscum subracemosum Sanjai & N.P.Balakr. in Rheedea 10: 113 - 116, f. 1. 2000.


Monoecious evergreen herbaceous partial parasites on stems and branches of hosts, up to 75 cm long, di- or trichotomously branched; branches slender, dark green. Leaves opposite, lanceolate, tapering towards base, rounded at apex, 3 - 6 x 1.5 - 2.5 cm, with 3 veins. Inflorescences mostly subracemose, rarely cymose, pedunculate; flowers enclosed in a cupule formed out of 2 connate bracts; bracts ca 1 x 1 mm, broadly ovate, acute, cordate at base; flowers usually 5 in a group, the central flower female and the laterals male; at times all inflorescences female. Male flowers: sessile, subglobose, ca 1.5 x 1 mm; perianth lobes 4, of two types; stamens 2; anthers sessile, attached to the inner surface of the larger perianth lobes, dehiscing by pores. Female flowers: oblong, ca 2 x 1 mm; perianth lobes 4, broadly ovate, ca 1 x 0.5 mm; ovary inferior; style short; stigma nipple-shaped. Fruit a berry, globose, smooth, up to 5 mm in diam.

Fl. & Fr. Jan. - Sept.

Distrib. India: Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

Endemic.





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