Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

JSP Page
Schisandra grandiflora (Wallich) Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 44. 1872. Kadsura grandiflora Wallich, Tent. Fl. Nep. 10, t. 14. 1824.


Nep.: Singhatta-lahara

Climbers, woody, glabrous, apparently dioecious. Leaves lanceolate, ovate or oblong-lanceolate, attenuate at base, distantly toothed along margins, acuminate at apex, 7 - 15 x 2 - 6 cm, somewhat fleshy, pale beneath; petioles 1.5 - 3.5 cm long. Flowers ca 2.5 mm across, solitary, sometimes with 1 - 2 secondary bracts, fragrant. Male flowers: Pedicels 1 - 4 cm long; perianth segments 7 - 8 in 3 series, broadly elliptic or obovate, 1 - 1.8 x 0.5 - 1.5 cm, white or pale pink; staminal column ovoid or cylindric above, 7 - 15 mm long; anthers ovoid, 2 - 3 mm long on 1- 2 mm long filaments; connectives thickened. Female flowers: Pedicels 1.5 - 6 mm long; perianth as in male; carpels many-seriate, ovoid, ca 1.5 x 0.75 mm with ca 0.5 mm long appendage. Fruiting column 15 - 20 cm long, 3 - 6 mm thick, fleshy, usually bearing 30 - 80, ovoid-ellipsoid, 7 - 9 x 5 - 6 mm, red fruitlets. Seeds ellipsoid.

Fl. & Fr. April - Sept.

Distrib. India: Temperate forests of N.W. & E. Himalayas, 2100 - 4000 m. Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Sikkim.

Nepal and Bhutan.





RELATED IMAGES

JSP Page
  • Search