Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Schisandra propinqua (Wallich) Baill. ex A.C. Smith in Sargentia 7: 149. 1947. Kadsura propinqua Wallich, Tent. Fl. Nep. 11, t. 15. 1824. S. axillaris Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 45. 1872.


Climbers, woody; stems slender, lenticellate, dark brown; branchlets succulent, angular, brown, verrucose and lenticellate. Leaves narrowly oblong-lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, slightly unequally cuneate or rounded at base, acuminate at apex, 6 - 15 x 1.5 - 5 cm, somewhat fleshy, glabrous, shiny dark green above, pale and minutely gland-dotted beneath, glandular-toothed along margins; lateral nerves 6 - 12 pairs. Flowers axillary, solitary, 1.2 - 2 cm across, yellowish or dull scarlet, slightly fragrant, sessile or on up to 2.3 cm long bracteolate pedicels. Perianth segments orbicular to ovate or obovate, concave in bud. Filaments connate into a globose brick-red fleshy mass, ca 7 mm across; anthers 9 - 16 or more, embedded in the mass of filaments. Fruiting column 2.5 - 15 cm long; rachis fleshy, cylindrical; fruitlets fleshy, subsessile, globose, shortly stalked, 1 - 2-seeded.



KEY TO THE VARIETIES


1a. Branchlets plain, thin; lateral nerves 6 - 8 pairs; flowers dull scarlet; pedicels slender, of male flowers 4 - 23 mm, long, of female flowers 5 - 26 long; stamens usually 9 - 12; fruiting column comparatively slender, shorter, 2.5 - 5 cm long 4.1. intermedia
b. Branchlets verrucose, thick; lateral nerves 8 - 12 pairs; flowers yellowish; pedicels stout, of male flowers 3 - 15 mm long, of female flowers 5 - 13 mm long; stamens 10 - 16; fruiting column comparatively robust, longer, 10 - 15 cm long 4.2. propinqua


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