Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Schisandra rubriflora Rehder & Wilson in Sargent, Pl. Wils. 1: 412. 1913. S. phenanthera sensu Kanjilal et al., Fl. Assam 1(1): 28.1935; non Rehder & Wilson 1913.


Shrubs, climbing or rambling, 3 - 6 m tall; branches robust, glabrous, lenticellate, brownish purple or brownish grey. Leaves obovate or oblong-obovate, attenuate at base, entire or distantly sinuate-denticulate or minutely callose mucronate along margins, lcuminate at apex, 6 - 15 x 3 - 7 cm, dark green above, pale green beneath; lateral nerves 5 - 8 pairs; petioles channelled above, 2 - 4 cm long, glabrous. Flowers axillary, solitary, brownish red, 2 - 3 cm across; pedicels slender, 2 - 5 cm long, glabrous. Male flowers: Perianth segments 5 - 7, outer ones narrowly obovate, cuneate at base, obtuse at apex, ca 10 x 5 mm, inner ones broadly obovate, narrowed at base, rounded at apex, 10 - 12 x 7 - 9 mm; torus conical-ovoid, 8 - 10 mm long; stamens 10 or more, 4.5 - 6 mm long; filaments distinctly flattened, 3 - 4.5 mm long, ca 1 mm wide; anther-thecae separated by broadened connective. Female flowers: Perianth segments 5, broadly obovate or suborbicular, 10 - 12 x 8 - 12 mm; torus conical, ovoid, 9 - 10 mm long; carpels many, obovoid, ca 2 mm long; stigma sessile, ciliate. Fruiting column pendulous, cylindric, 10 - 15 cm long, on 6 - 8 cm long stalk, crimson; rachis thick, becoming reddish when old; fruitlets subglobose, 10 - 12 mm in diam. Seeds 2 in each fruitlet, suborbicular, reniform, slightly compressed, 3 - 3.5 mm across.

Fl. & Fr. July - Sept.

Distrib. India: Eastern Himalayas, 1800 - 2600 m. Arunachal Pradesh.

China and Myanmar.




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