Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Shrubs or trees. Leaves straight, with almost parallel nerves. Flowers small, unisexual, solitary or fascicled in the axils of present or fallen leaves. Sepals 3, valvate, membranous. Petals 6 (3 + 3), valvate; outer petals 3, like the sepals but larger; inner ones narrow, linear, clawed; limbs usually hastate or rhomboid, united at the top forming a mitriform hood; glands sometimes present on the inner surface of the limbs. Stamens very small; connectives flat -topped, projecting over the anther-thecae, without carpels in male flowers, in female flowers often with a ring of staminodes, or sometimes with 1 or 2, fertile or reduced stamens (l.c. with 2 pollen sacs only). Carpels tomentose, elongated, incurved; stigma sessile, subcapitate with U-shaped split on top and grooved inside. Ripe carpels many, densely and minutely tomentose, stalked or sessile, smooth or warted. Seeds 1 - several.

India, Bangladesh, Indo-china, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines and New Guinea; ca 17 species, one in India.




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