Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Artabotrys caudatus Hook. f. & Thomson, Fl. Ind. 129.1855 &. in Fl. Brit. India 1: 55. 1872.


Asm.: Dhup-lota, Nep.: kali-lahara.

Woody climbers; young branches pubescent, glabrous with age. Leaves elliptic to oblong-lanceolate, cuneate at base, shortly bluntly caudate-acuminate at apex, 10- 15 x 4 - 5 cm, slightly recurved at margins, glabrous; lateral nerves 8 - 12 pairs, looped to an intra-marginal nerve; petioles 3 - 8 mm long. Flowers fascicled on hooked peduncles; peduncles axillary, laterally compressed, 2 - 2.5 cm long, slightly pubescent when young; pedicels ca 5 mm long, bracteate at base, pubescent. Sepals 3, connate at base, ovate to triangular-ovate, acute or slightly acuminate at apex, ca 3 mm long, appressed-pubescent. Petals 6 (3 + 3), dissimilar, yellow, linear, clawed, pubescent; outer petals narrow-lanceolate, 2 - 3 mm broad; inner ones cylindric, smaller and narrower, ca 1 mm broad, widening at concave base to 3 - 4 mm. Stamens many, ca 1.5 mm long; connectives broad and obtuse at apex, slightly produced; anthers oblong-linear. Carpels ca 8, subglobose, pubescent, intermixed with small straight hairs. Ripe carpels 4 - 5, elliptic, ca 5 cm long, dark purple. Seeds 2, compressed, rugose, with shallow grooves along the faces and edges, ca 3 x 1.5 cm, brown.

Fl. March - May; Fr. Nov.

Distrib. India: Evergreen tropical and subtropical forests, up to 1200 m. Assam and Meghalaya.

Bangladesh and Bhutan.




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