Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Artabotrys hexapetalus (L. f.) Bhandari in Baileya 12(4): 147. 1964. Annona hexapetala L. f., Suppl. Pl. 270. 1781. Annona uncinata Lam., Encycl. 2: 127. 1786. Artabotrys odoratissimus R. Brown in Edward's Bot. Reg. 5: t. 423. 1819 (non Blume 1825); Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 54. 1872. Uvaria odoratissima (R. Brown) Rom., Fl. Ind. 2: 66. 1824. Artabotrys uncinatus (Lam.) Merr. in Philip. J. Sci. (Bot.) 7: 234. 1912.


Beng.: Kanthalichampa; Hindi: Madanmast; Kan.: Kandali-sampage; Mal.: Madana-kameswari; Mar.: Hira-champa; Nep.: Kotar-champa; Or.: Kalomuro; Tam.: Manoranidam; Tel.: Manoranitamu.

Shrubs with bushy habit, often scandent; young branches puberulous. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, acute at base, shortly acuminate at apex, 10 - 22 x 3.5 - 6 cm, thinly coriaceous, glabrous; lateral nerves 6 - 18 pairs; petioles ca 5 mm long. Flowers fragrant, ca 2 cm across, on hooked peduncles, solitary or in pairs, drooping, sweet-scented; pedicels 10 - 13 mm long. Sepals 3, ovate, connate at base, acute and reflexed at tip, 5 - 7 x 6 mm, puberulous. Petals 6 (3 + 3), sometimes up to 9, ovate-lanceolate, spreading from clawed saccate coherent base, greenish yellow to yellow at maturity; outer ones ca 2 - 2.5 x 0.5 - 1.3 cm; inner ones ca 1.5 x 0.7 cm; limb lanceolate, saccate-clawed at base. Stamens many, ca 1.5 mm long; connectives triangular, peltate. Carpels few, sickle- shaped, 1.5 - 2 mm long, pubescent or glabrous; ovules 2; style curved; stigma blunt. Ripe carpels 6 - 14 (-20), ovoid, narrowly obovoid, apiculate. 2.5 - 3.5 cm long, glabrous, yellow when mature; stalk very short. Seeds 1 - 2, oblong, deeply grooved on one side, brown.

Fl. April- July; Fr. Sept. - Feb.

Distrib. India: Said to be native of South India, cultivated as wen as naturalised throughout the country.

Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar to Malesia.

Notes. A decoction of the leaves is given for curing Cholera in Malaya. An essential oil is extracted from the flowers for use in perfumes.





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