Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cyathocalyx Champion

Trees, medium-sized; branchlets striate, minutely puberulous when young. Leaves large, ovate-lanceolate, glabrous; lateral nerves forming intra-marginal loops. Flowers bisexual, solitary or few, in terminal, extra-axillary or leaf-opposed fascicles, fragrant. Sepals 3, valvate in bud, free or connate, sometimes forming a 3-lobed cup. Petals 6 (3 + 3), valvate in buds, clawed, subequal, concave at base, conniving, covering the stamens and carpels, spreading at upper portion; inner ones united as they fall together. Stamens numerous, closely packed, long-cuneate, truncate at apex; anther-thecae linear, dorsal. Carpels 1 - 3, on a concave torus, oblong to cylindric; ovules many in 2 rows; style short; stigmas sometimes peltate, disk-shaped. Ripe carpels berries, globose or subglobose. Seeds transversely compressed.

India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar through Malesia to New Guinea; ca 38 species, 2 in India.


1a. Calyx acutely and deeply 3-lobed; ripe carpels elliptic-oblong, transversely gooved 1. Cyathocalyx martabanicus
b. Calyx a faintly 3-lobed cup; ripe carpels ovoid, not grooved 2. Cyathocalyx zeylanicus

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