Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Climbers or lianas, dioecious; stems woody, with yellow wood. Leaves ovate or oblong, long-petiolate, 3 (-5)-nerved at base, with main basal lateral nerves running shortly alongside or midrib before curving outwards; distal lateral nerves 2 - 4 pairs. Inflorescences lax panicles, often ramiflorous. Male flowers: sepals 6 - 9, outer ones minute; petals absent; stamens 3 - 6; filaments thick, with a collar around anther-base; anthers longitudinally or obliquely dehiscing. Female flowers: staminodes 6, subulate; carpels 3, ovoid, 2-ovuled; stigma sessile, cleft. Drupes on knob-like carpophore, oblong, terete, with subterminal stylar scar, coarsely wrinkled when dry, ventrally flat and channelled. Seeds oblong, subellipsoid, dorsally convex, ventrally narrow-grooved lengthwise, reniform in cross section; endosperm abundant, horny; cotyledons thinly foliaceous, longitudinally curved; radicle short, cylindric.

N.E. India, Nicobar Islands, Myanmar, Indo-china, S. China and Malesia; 2 species, one in India.




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