Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cocculus hirsutus (L.) Diels in Engler, Pflanzenr. 46: 236. 1910. Menispermum hirsutum L., Sp. Pl. 341. 1753. Cocculus villosus (Lam.) DC., Syst. Nat. 1: 525. 1817; Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 101. 1872. Menispermum villosum Lam., Encycl. 4: 97. 1797.


Hindi (Bih.): Jaljamani; Tam.: Kattukodi Sirungarukodi.

Straggling or climbing hirsute evergreen shrubs, up to 6 m long; branches densely tomentose. Leaves ovate-cordate, 3 - 6 x 2 - 3.5 cm (basal leaves larger), yellowish tomentose, chartaceous, 5-nerved, various in shape; lower ones of main branches 3 - 5-lobed; upper ones usually entire, narrowly to broadly ovate, ovate-oblong or obovate, cuneate, rounded or rarely cordate at base, obtuse, mucronate at apex, 3 - 8 x 2 - 4 cm; petioles 5 - 20 mm long. Male flowers in up to 5 cm long axillary panicles; peduncles 1.5 - 2.5 cm long; pedicels 0.5 - 1 mm long; sepals 3 - 3, free, long pubescent; outer ones oblong to lanceolate, 1.5 x 2 x 0.5 - 2 mm; inner ones broadly ovate or obovate, 1.5 - 2.5 x 1.7 - 2 mm; petals 6, free, oblong-ovate, auricled at base, 2-fid at apex, 0.5 - 1.5 x 0.3 - 0.6 mm, greenish, thin, sparsely pubescent to glabrescent; stamens 6, free, 0.7 - 1 mm long, enclosed by petals; anthers vertically dehiscing. Female flowers in axillary fascicles or racemes, 0.5 - 2.5 cm long; sepals and petals as in male; staminodes ca 0.5 cm long; carpels 3, 0.7 - 1 mm long; styles terete. Drupes laterally compressed, 4 - 8 x 3 - 4 mm; style-scar basal; endocarp transversely ridged; condyle-septum perforated.

Fl. & Fr. Aug. - May.

Distrib. India: In bushland and semi-desert scrubs, from plains to 1100 m. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

Tropical Africa and Asia.




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