Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cocculus pendulus (J. R. & G. Forst.) Diels in Engler, Pflanzenr. 46: 237. 1910. Epibatrium pendulum J. R. & G. Forst., Char. Gen. Pl. 108, t. 54. 1776. Cocculus leaeba DC., Syst. Nat. 1: 529. 1817; Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 102. 1872.


Raj. : Pilwan

Twining shrubs, much branched; stems up to 15 cm thick; branches slender, puberulous, 5 - 6 m long. Leaves oblong-lanceolate to oblong-ovate, truncate, cuneate, rounded or trilobed-hastate at base, obtuse, mucronate or emarginate at apex, 1.6 - 5 x 0.5 - 3 cm, generally glabrous or slightly puberulous; basal nerves 3 - 5. Male flowers minute, sessile or subsessile in axillary 5 - 20 mm long fascicles on ca 1.5 cm long peduncles; sepals ovate-elliptic, fleshy or membranous; outer 3 smaller, 1 - 1.5 x 0.4 - 0.7 mm, sparsely puberulous; inner 3 larger, puberulous to glabrous, shiny; petals ovate to obovate, 0.8 - 2 x 0.5 - 1 mm; stamens 0.8 - 1.5 mm long. Female flowers axillary, solitary or rarely in pairs, on 0.7 - 1.3 cm long peduncles; sepals and petals as in male; carpels ca 1 mm long. Drupes ovoid to obovoid or reniform, compressed, 4 - 7 x 4 - 5 mm, reddish, black on drying; endocarp ribbed on lateral faces, without crest, not perforated at centre.

Fl. & Fr. Oct. - Jan. (often throughout the year).

Distrib. India: In semi-desert scrubs and deciduous bushland and wastelands, up to 700 m. Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu.

Pakistan to tropical and Subtropical Africa.

Notes. Diluted leaf-juice with sugar is a good tonic; roots and leaves are used in rheumatic pains.




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