Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Fissistigma Griffith


Climbing or Scrambling shrubs. Leaves with strong parallel nerves, pubescent to tomentose. Flowers bisexual, terminal, leaf-opposed or axillary, solitary or in fascicled cymes or branched panicles; buds triquetrous. Sepals 3, small, valvate, connate at base, persistent. Petals 6 (3 + 3), valvate, thick, leathery, pubescent to tomentose; outer flat, plano-convex or trigonous; inner ones smaller, triquetrous above, flat or concave at base, shorter than outer. Stamens many; connectives ovoid, quadrate or apiculate at top. Carpels many; ovules 2 or more; style oblong to narrow clavate; stigma short. Ripe carpels ovoid or globose, berries, usually stalked. Seeds many.

N.E. India, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Indo-china, Thailand, Malesia to Aus- tralia, New Zealand and Africa; ca 70 species, 8 species in India.



KEY TO THE SPECIES


1a. Outer petals up to 1.5 cm long 2
b. Outer petals more than 2 cm long 6
2a. Leaves broad, elliptic, obtuse or subacute at apex 3
b. Leaves oblong or oblong-Ianceolate, acuminate at apex 4
3a. Main lateral nerves 22 - 27 pairs; pedicels ca 1 cm long 2. Fissistigma ellipticum
b. Main lateral nerves ca 12 pairs; pedieels very short or absent 5. Fissistigma rufinerve
4a. Petals densely rufous tomentose outside, ca 1.5 cm long 8. Fissistigma wallichii
b. Petals pubescent outside, ca 1 cm or shorter 5
5a. Leaves 12 -17 cm long; pedicels 4 - 5 mm long; petals deltoid, 6 - 7 mm long, greyish pubescent 3. Fissistigma polyanthum
b. Leaves 16 - 22 cm long; pedicels ca 15 mm long; petals oblong, ca 1 cm long, brown pubescent 6. Fissistigma santapaui
6a. Leaves broadly elliptic; petals acuminate at apex, 2.5 - 3 cm long 4. Fissistigma rubiginosum
b. Leaves narrowly oblong or oblong-lanceolate; petals obtuse or subacute at apex, ca 2 cm long 7
7a, Pedicels 2 - 3 cm long; ripe carpels verrucose 7. Fissistigma verrucosum
b. Pedicels 1 - 1.5 cm long; ripe carpels smooth 1. Fissistigma bicolor


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