Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Corydalis adiantifolia Hook. f. & Thomson, Fl. Ind. 271. 1855; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 127. 1872.


Herbs, perennial, stout, 20 - 30 (-40) cm high, glabrous, glaucous, sparsely branched above or simple, erect, rigid; rootstock thick, woody, often shortly branched above, densely covered with withered leaf bases. Radical leaves pinnate with (2-) 3 - 6 distant pairs of lateral and one terminal pinnae, somewhat fleshy; pinnae often kidney-shaped, broader than long, 1 - 2 cm in diam., often 3 - 5-lobulate along margins; terminal segments often with 2 lateral segments at base; petioles hardly sheathing at base. Racemes simple, terminal, 5 - 10 cm long, somewhat dense, becoming lax in fruits; bracts much exceeding the flower buds; lower ones about as long as pedicels; upper ones longer, linear-subulate, setaceous, 4 - 5 (-6) mm long, ca 1 mm wide; pedicels 2 - 4 mm long, deflexed in fruit; flowers yellow, tipped brown, 12 - 18 mm long. Sepals lanceolate, denticulate below, 3 - 4 mm long, ca 1 mm broad, membranous. Upper petal hooded near apex, acute, minutely mucronate, slightly membranaceous, subentire; spur saccate or gibbous and down-curved at base; lower petal similar to upper petal. Capsules usually linear or rarely dimorphic with linear or broad-elliptic fruits, present on same plant on different branches, 15 - 22 mm long, 2 - 3 or 6 - 7 mm broad; style straight; seeds 8 - 10, biseriate, ca 2 mm in diam., shiny black.




1a. Capsules always linear, 15 - 22 mm long, 2 - 3 mm broad 1.1. adiantifolia
b. Capsules heteromorphic,linear, 15 - 22 mm long and 2 - 3 mm broad on some branches and elliptic, 15 - 20 mm long and 6 - 7 mm broad on some other branches 0


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