Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Acalypha ciliata Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 162. 1775; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 417. 1887.


Guj.: Dadra, Runchalo-dadri; Punj: Kokali, Kuppi.

Herbs, erect, annual, 30 - 80 cm high, flaccid; stems ascending, sparingly branched; branches pubescent. Leaves ovate to ovate-lanceolate or ovate-rhombate, cuneate, rounded, truncate or obtuse at base, sharply toothed along margins, caudate-acuminate or apiculate at apex, 2 - 12 x 1.5 - 8 cm, coriaceous, pilose on nerves, gland-dotted; main nerves 3 - 5 at base; lateral nerves 5 - 8 pairs above the basal; petioles 2 - 8 (- 12) cm long, finely pubescent; stipules subulate, up to 2 mm long. Spikes axillary, androgynous, 1 - 4 cm long, ending in allomorphic flowers. Male flowers: 0.5 - 0.7 mm across, few, sessile, clustered at apex; sepals 4, ovate to suborbicular, 0.5 - 0.7 mm across, glandular pubescent; stamens 8 - 12; filaments ca 0.1 mm long; anthers linear, ca 0.3 mm long. Female flowers: 1 - 3 mm across, several at axils of bracts; bracts leafy, folded, campanulate, 4 - 6 x 5 - 8 mm, fringed or fimbriate at rim, hispid or finely pubescent, gland-dotted; sepals 3, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 0.5 - 0.7 mm long; ovary 3-loculed, 0.7 - 1 mm across, sparsely hispid; styles 3, filiform, laciniate, 1 - 2 mm long. Capsules 3-lobed, 3 - 4 mm across, glabrous; seeds ovoid to subglobose, ca 2 mm across, smooth.

Fl. & Fr. July - Dec.

Distrib. India: Along bushes and hedges near gardens, weed of cultivated fields, wastelands, hill slopes and scrub jungles, from 1000 to 2600 m altitude. Throughout India from Jammu & Kashmir to Tamil Nadu.

Tropical Africa, Southern Arabia, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Java.

Uses. Roots used as a laxative and vermifuge. Juice of leaves smeared on poisonous stings and on various skin diseases.

Notes. Chromosome number: 2n = 20 (Harvey, Taxon 15: 155 - 163. 1966; Champault, Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 117: 137 - 168. 1970).





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