Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Corydalis cornuta Royle, Illus. Bot. Himal. 69. 1834; Hook. f., Pl. Brit. India 1: 126. 1872.


Herbs, annual or biennial, sometimes perennial; stems stout, erect or decumbent, densely branched from base, 15 - 60 cm long, angular, grooved, usually straggling; roots fusiform, up to 10 cm long. Leaves mostly cauline, triangular-oblong, subternate or bipinnate with opposite pinnae, 6 - 16 cm long, 3 - 5 cm broad, glaucous beneath; petioles (3-) 5 - 8 (-10) cm long, grooved above, sheathed and winged at base; pinnae oblong, orbicular, ca 1.2 cm long, variously lobed; ultimate segments oblong, obovate, cuneate at base, broadly obtuse-apiculate at apex, ca 6 mm wide. Racemes terminal, simple or branched at base 7 - 20 cm long, 10 - 15-flowered; pedicels 2 - 6 mm long; bracts 2 - 8 cm long, usually divided or uppermost entire; flowers yellow with blackish purple tips on inner petals, 14 - 16 mm long, slender. Sepals minute, serrate or erose along margins. Corolla (10-) 12 - 18 mm long; upper petals with entire crests; spur straight or curved, obtuse, ca 8 mm long; lower petal with a conspicuous basal pouch. Capsules on deflexed pedicels, oblong, narrowly obovoid or linear-ellipsoid, 8 - 14 mm long, 2 - 3.5 mm thick, recurved, pointing downwards; style 2 - 3 mm long; seeds 8 - 16, minutely muriculate or punctulate, ca 1 mm across, dull, black.

Fl. & Fr. April - Oct.

Distrib. India: Hillsides and streamsides in forests, 2300 - 4000 m. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

Nepal, Pakistan and Afghanistan.





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