Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Corydalis gortschakovii Schrenk, Enum. Pl. Nov. 1: 100. 1841. C. moorcroftiana Hook. f. & Thomson, Fl. Ind. 266. 1855; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 125. 1872, p. p.


Herbs, perennial, erect to diffuse, 15 - 35 (-60) cm high; stems tufted, simple to sparingly branched, angular, ridged, glaucous, often minutely or obscurely glandular-pilose; rootstock spindle-shaped, often stout, woody, branched, densely crowned with withered brown sheathing leaf bases. Radical leaves bi- or subtripinnatisect, sometimes 4 - 5-jugate with terminal lobe often larger and densely lobulate, lower or lateral pinnae distant and smaller; pinnae ovate to suborbicular, 10 - 25 mm long, lobed into many lobules, often in threes; ultimate segments oblong-obovate to suborbicular, 4 - 10 x 1.5 - 4 mm, obtuse and minutely mucronate at apex, scabrid-pilose. Cauline leaves reduced, subsessile, pinnatisect with narrow lobules. Racemes often dense and congested, but becoming lax in fruit, 3 - 10 cm long, 15 - 30-flowered, rarely branched below; peduncles scabrid papillose; bracts entire to segmented, oblong-elliptic; bovate-cuneate to broad-lanceolate, 10 - 15 x 2 - 8 mm, often covering flower buds; pedicels (5-) 10 - 15 mm long in fruit and deflexed; flowers yellow, usually with dark purple tips, 15 - 20 mm long. Sepals 1 - 2 mm in diam., denticulate along margins, white, membranaceous. Corolla 18 - 25 mm long; upper petal conspicuously dorsally broad-winged, obtuse, expanded and membranaceous along margins; wings sparsely denticulate to entire; spur straight or slightly downcurved at apex, blunt, 8 - 10 mm long; lower petal similar to upper, saccate at base. Capsules oblong, cuneate below, obtuse at apex, 12 - 15 mm long, 2.5 - 3 mm broad, on elongated recurved pedicels; style 2 - 4 mm long, curved at apex; seeds 8 - 10, subbiseriate, ca 1.5 mm in diam., shiny black.

Fl. & Fr. June - Sept.

Distrib. India: N.W. Himalayas, 3600 - 5500 m. Jammu & Kashmir.

Pakistan and Afghanistan to Central Asia.




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