Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Corydalis govaniana Wallich, Tent. Fl. Nap. 55. 1826; Hook. f ., Fl. Brit. India 1: 124. 1872.

Ladakh: Ralchatnakpo.

Herbs, perennial, erect, tufted, 15 - 60 cm high; rootstock thick, fibrous. densely crowned with remnants of sheathing leaf-bases and cataphylls, slender, elongated, often a few twisted together; stems stout, woody, simple, rarely branched, 15 - 35 cm long, subglaucous, glabrous. Radical leaves few to many, ovate to triangular-ovate, ca 30 cm long, bi-( or tri-) pinnate, nearly as long as stem; petioles ca 15 cm long, as long as lamina, 4.5 x 1 cm, sheathed at base; pinnae ovate, oblong-ovate to suborbicular, 1 - 6 cm long, 3 - 5-pinnuled; petiolules very short; pinnules shortly stalked to sessile, up to 3 cm long, deeply dissected and variously cut into narrow segments; ultimate segments oblong- ovate, attenuate at base, rounded at apex, minutely mucronate, prominently nerved. Cauline leaves usually 2, opposite or subopposite at or below middle of stem, up to 20 cm long, smaller than radical leaves, dentate to almost entire and lanceolate; petioles up to 15 cm long, simple, often dense, 5 - 15 cm long; peduncles up to 25 cm long, grooved; bracts wedge-shaped or oblong and pectinate-incised, 1 - 3 (-5) x 0.8 - 2 cm, upper ones subentire and lower ones dissected; pedicels arcuate, 5 - 20 mm long, elongated to 30 cm and deflexed in fruits; flowers bright yellow, 2 - 2.5 cm long. Sepals ca 1 mm in diam., dentate, whitish. Upper petal dorsally crested; spur conical, straight or somewhat down-curved, subobtuse, ca 1 cm long, equal to limb; lower petal subsaccate at base. Style curved at apex, 2 - 4 mm long; stigma broad, usually with basal papillae. Capsules oblong or obovoid, narrowed at base, subobtuse at apex, 10 - 15 mm long, 3 - 4 mm wide; seeds 4 - 8, biseriate, 1.5 - 2 mm in diam., shiny black, covered at base with persistent raphe.

Fl. & Fr. April - Aug.

Distrib. India: N.W. Himalayas, usually above the tree-line on moist open slopes 3200 - 5600 m. Jammu &Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

Pakistan and Nepal.

Notes. In Ladakh roots and seeds are eaten as carminative.


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