Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Corydalis thyrsiflora Prain in J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal II, 65(2): 35. 1896. C. gortschakovii auct. non Schrenk.; Hook. f ., Fl. Brit. India 1: 125. 1872.


Herbs, erect or ascending, diffuse, perennial, (10-) 15 - 40 (-60) cm high; stems usually branched above, striate, subsucculent, glabrous, subglaucous; rootstock woody, thickened. Radical leaves 2 - 3-pinnatisect, often reaching up to base of inflorescence, glaucous; petioles long, slightly sheathing at base; pinnae 5 - 10 on each side and a terminal one, alternate or subopposite, 1 - 3 (-4) cm long, 1 - 2 cm broad, shortly petioluled to subsessile, 3 - 7-pinnuled; each pinnule deeply 3 - 5-lobuled, 5 - 10 (-15) mm across; ultimate segments obovate, oblong to linear, acute, acuminate, minutely mucronulate, (3-) 5 - 10 x 1 - 3 mm. Cauline leaves many, similar, gradually becoming smaller upwards, petiolate to subsessile, alternate to subopposite. Racemes terminal or on short apical branches, densly 20 - 40-flowered, thyrsiform, tapering above, (3-) 5 - 12 cm long; upper bracts linear, entire, 8 -12 (-15) mm long; lower bracts pinnatisect with ca 1 mm broad lobes; pedicels up to 10 mm long, shorter than bracts, deflexed and up to 12 mm long in fruits; flowers yellow or orange-yellow, with purple tips, 13 - 18 mm long, 3 - 5 mm broad, lower ones usually inverted. Sepals minute, orbicular, much dissected along margins, ca 1.5 mm in diam., membranaceous. Corolla 15 - 18 mm long; upper petal with broad dorsal wing near apex, obtuse; spur broad, obtuse, straight or slightly down curved, 6 - 7 mm long; lower petal saccate at base, winged like upper petal. Capsules ellipsoid, 5 - 10 mm long, 3 - 3.5 mm broad, on recurved elongated pedicels; valves 3 - 4 -veined; style 3 - 3.5 mm long, curved at apex; seeds 3 - 6, biseriate, ca 2 mm in diam., shiny, black.

Fl. & Fr. June - Sept.

Distrib. India: N.W. Himalayas, 3500 - 5000 m. Jammu & Kashmir and Uttar Pradesh (Nanda Devi sanctuary).

Pakistan.




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