Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Tamarix Indica Willd. in Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften 4: 214.1803. T. gallica L. var. indica (Willd.) Ehrenb. in Linnaea 2: 276. 1827; Dyer in Fl. Brit. India 1: 248. 1874. T. indica Koen. ex Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 100. 1832, nom. illegit.; T. gallica auct. nom L.; Dyer in Fl. Brit. India 1: 248. 1874. T. troupii Hole in Ind. For. 45: 248. 1919.

Beng. & Hindi: jhav, jhau; Guj.: jhav-nu-khada; Or.: jaula; Punj.: Pilchi; Sans.: jhavuka, Shavaka; Tel.: Palivi, Erusurupakki; Tam.: Sirusavukku, Kiri.

Shrubs or small trees, 1.5 - 3 (-8) m high. Leaves 0.5 - 3 mm long, broadly triangular to ovate-lanceolate or triangular-ovate, abruptly acute to acuminate at apex, usually minutely papillose. Racemes aestival or vernal, simple or densely compound, each 3 - 7.5 (-11) x 0.3 - 0.4 (-0.5) cm; bracts 1.5 - 2.5 mm long, ovate-lanceolate, trullate-lanceolate or trullate-ovate, acuminate at apex, denticulate to subentire, deflexed. Flowers pale pink to pink. Sepals 5, almost free, 0.6 - 1.1 x 0.5 - 0.8 mm, equal, ovate, trullate- ovate, broadly ovate or suborbicular, rounded or truncate at apex, upper half incised denticulate. Petals 5, (1.2-) 1.5 - 2 x 0.8 - 1.1 mm, obovate, oblong-elliptic or obovate- elliptic, caducous. Stamens exserted; filaments 2.5 - 3.5 mm long, mesodiscine. Disc 0.5 1 mm across, 5-lobed, lobes notched. Capsules 3 - 4 x 0.6 - 1.5 mm. Seeds ca 0.6 mm long; coma ca 2.5 mm long.

Fl. & Fr. Almost throughout the year.

Distrib. India: Punjab, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Orissa, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.

Pakistan, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Myanmar.

Notes. Wood used for making agricultural implements, for turnery, lacquer work and as firewood. The twigs are used for thatching and basket making. The galls are astringent and are used in the treatment of ulcers, diarrhoea, dysentery, sore throat and piles. They are also used in tanning. Occasionally planted in gardens.


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