Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Bergia capensis L., Mant. Pl. 2: 241. 771; T. Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bombay 1: 74. 1901. B. verticillala Willd., Sp. Pl. ed. 4, 2: 770. 1799; Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 456. 1832; Dyer in Fl. Brit. India 1: 252. 1874. Bergia aquatica Roxb., Pl. Corom. 2: 22, t. 142. 1800. Elatine verticillata (Willd.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. 41. 1834.

Beng.: White Keshuriya; Tam.: Nandu Kollupu Chedi.

Herbs, perennial, glabrous, succulent with stems and branches creeping or ascending and rooting at basal nodes; stems 10 - 35 cm long terete with pink or reddish striations and constricted nodes. Leaves 2 - 5 x 0.8 - 2 cm, narrowly elliptic or lanceolate, oblong to oblanceolate, attenuate to somewhat decurrent at base, acute or subobtuse at apex, glabrous; petioles stout, 1 - 5 mm long; stipules 2 - 3 mm long, ovate-triangular, acute with pectinate membranous margin. Flowers many, in dense axillary cymes, ca 2.5 mm across. Sepals light green with red tips, erect, 1.5 - 2.5 mm, broadly elliptic to oblanceolate, acuminate. Petals greenish-white or transparent, suberect or spreading, slightly shorter than sepals, linear-oblong or subspathulate. Stamens 10, equal, 0.8 - 1.5 mm long; filaments dilated at base. Ovary less than 1 mm long, ellipsoid or globose; styles shortly recurved; stigmas 5-notched. Capsules 2 - 2.5 mm in diam., subglobose, with 5-longitudinal furrows, septicidal. Seeds numerous, oblong, often curved, shining, strongly reticulate.

Fl. & Fr. Aug. - Oct. (variable according to growth conditions).

Distrib. India: Generally abundant in fallow and paddy fields, along the banks of canals, ponds, lakes and in humid pastures. Bihar, West Bengal, Tripura, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.



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