Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

JSP Page
Bergia capensis L., Mant. Pl. 2: 241. 771; T. Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bombay 1: 74. 1901. B. verticillala Willd., Sp. Pl. ed. 4, 2: 770. 1799; Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 456. 1832; Dyer in Fl. Brit. India 1: 252. 1874. Bergia aquatica Roxb., Pl. Corom. 2: 22, t. 142. 1800. Elatine verticillata (Willd.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. 41. 1834.


Beng.: White Keshuriya; Tam.: Nandu Kollupu Chedi.

Herbs, perennial, glabrous, succulent with stems and branches creeping or ascending and rooting at basal nodes; stems 10 - 35 cm long terete with pink or reddish striations and constricted nodes. Leaves 2 - 5 x 0.8 - 2 cm, narrowly elliptic or lanceolate, oblong to oblanceolate, attenuate to somewhat decurrent at base, acute or subobtuse at apex, glabrous; petioles stout, 1 - 5 mm long; stipules 2 - 3 mm long, ovate-triangular, acute with pectinate membranous margin. Flowers many, in dense axillary cymes, ca 2.5 mm across. Sepals light green with red tips, erect, 1.5 - 2.5 mm, broadly elliptic to oblanceolate, acuminate. Petals greenish-white or transparent, suberect or spreading, slightly shorter than sepals, linear-oblong or subspathulate. Stamens 10, equal, 0.8 - 1.5 mm long; filaments dilated at base. Ovary less than 1 mm long, ellipsoid or globose; styles shortly recurved; stigmas 5-notched. Capsules 2 - 2.5 mm in diam., subglobose, with 5-longitudinal furrows, septicidal. Seeds numerous, oblong, often curved, shining, strongly reticulate.

Fl. & Fr. Aug. - Oct. (variable according to growth conditions).

Distrib. India: Generally abundant in fallow and paddy fields, along the banks of canals, ponds, lakes and in humid pastures. Bihar, West Bengal, Tripura, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.

Pantropical.





RELATED IMAGES

JSP Page
  • Search