Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Bergia polyantha Sonder in Linnaea 23: 16. 1850; Raizada & R.N. Chatterjee in Sci. & Cult. 27: 302. 1961.


Annual herbs, much-branched, diffuse, glabrous, 4.8 - 8.5 cm high; lateral branches procumbent, often purplish. Leaves opposite or in pseudo-whorls, sessile or subsessile, slightly fleshy, 4.5 - 6.5 x 2.5 - 3.5 mm, ovate-oblong, cuneate at base, acute at apex, denticulate at least towards apex; stipules up to 1.5 mm long, deeply 8-lobed, lobes hyaline, shortly connate at base, narrowly triangular-acuminate, persistent. Flowers solitary or in pairs, 7.5 - 9.5 mm long, 2 - 3 mm across; pedicels 4 - 5.5 mm long, sometimes longer than subtending leaves. Sepals 5, free, ca 3 mm long, lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, acute, glabrous. Petals pink, 2 - 2.5 mm, ovate, subacute. Stamens 10, 1 - 1.5 mm long, alternately longer and shorter. Ovary globose, longitudinally 5-ribbed, glabrous; styles 5, free, ca 2 mm long, recurved; stigmas capitate. Capsules ca 2 mm in diam., globose with 5 longitudinal furrows, many-seeded, dehiscing longitudinally into 5 valves. Seeds minute, oblong, rounded at ends, curved, strongly scalariform-reticulate.

Fl. & Fr. Nov. - Feb.

Distrib. India: Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.

Africa and Australia.

Notes. Winter herb in moist areas, green when young, tinged purple when old.





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