Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Bergia suffruticosa (Delile) Fenzl, Denksch. Bot. Ges. 3: 183. 1841. Lancretia suffruticosa Delile, Fl. Egypt 213, t. 25. 1813. Bergia odorata Edgew. in j. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 7: 765. 1838; Dyer in Fl. Brit. India 1: 251. 1874.


Raj.: Kankaria, Kharbuji; Hindi.: Rawan Rai.

Shrubs, aromatic, decumbent with opposite branches. Stems shortly hispid; bark papery, ferruginous, peeling. Leaves 5 - 18 x 2 - 10 mm, elliptic to ovate or oblong to lanceolate, narrowed at base, obtuse to subacute at apex, crenate or serrulate, densely pubescent, sessile or subsessile; stipules 1 - 2.5 mm long, linear to lanceolate, pubescent. Flowers whitish-pink, axillary, solitary or 2 - 8 in fasciculate cymes, 3 - 4 mm across; pedicels 1 - 1.5 mm long, pubescent. Sepals 2 - 8 x 3.5 mm, ovate-oblong, acute, pubescent, keeled with hyaline margins. Petals white or pink, as long as or slightly longer than sepals, obovate-oblong, obtuse, entire, trinerved, hyaline. Stamens equal or alternately longer and shorter; filaments dilated at base; anthers 0.5 - 1 mm long. Ovary ovoid; styles ca 3.2 mm long, straight; stigmas minute. Capsules ovoid, whitish-pink. Seeds numerous, minute, oblong-ellipsoid, dark brown to shining black.

Fl. & Fr. Oct. - Feb.

Distrib. India: Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Karnataka.

Pakistan, Iran, Arabia, Egypt, Sudan, Senegal, Mauritiana and Kenya.




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