Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Dicentra roylei Hook. f. & Thomson, Fl. Ind. 273. 1855; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 121. 1872. Dactylicapnos roylei (Hook. f. & Thomson) Hutch. in Bull. Misc. Inf. Kew 1921: 104. 1921.


Herbs, slender, climbing, ca 1 m long; stems sulcate, glabrous. Leaves biternate, exstipulate; petioles ca 2 cm long; leaflets ovate-spathulate, rounded or acute, often unequally so at base, obtuse or acute at apex, 8 - 14 x 4 - 7 mm; lateral leaflets smaller; nerves 3 - 5 from base, rather inconspicuous; terminal leaflets modified into tendrils. Flowers yellow, often tinged purple, ca 1.5 cm long, in leaf-opposed, ca 3 cm long 2 - 3-flowered corymbs; pedicels ca 1.2 cm long; bracts linear, 8 - 12 mm long, ca 2 mm wide. Sepals similar to bracts, but smaller, linear to linear-lanceolate, 7 - 9 mm long, ca 2 mm wide. Petals 15 - 18 cm long; outer petals broadly shortly spurred, 14 - 18 mm long, 2 - 4 mm broad at insertion, auricled at base, acuminate at apex; inner petals broadly spathuate-orbicular, narrowly clawed at base, bifid at apex. Nectariferous glands slender, curved, 2 - 3 mm long. Ovary with stigma half-moon shaped. Capsules linear-cylindric, tapering upwards with persistent quadrangular stigmas, 3.5 - 5 cm; seeds ca 10 - 12, biseriate, orbicular, compressed, striate, shiny, arillate at back.

Fl. & Fr. June - Sept.

Distrib. India: 1200 - 1600 m. Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Meghalaya.

Bhutan.




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