Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Dicentra scandens (D. Don) Walp., Repert. 1: 118.1842; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 121. 1872, p. p. Dielytra scandens D. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nep. 198. 1825. Dactylicapnos thalictrifolia Wallich, Tent. Fl. Nep. 51, t. 89.1826. Dicentra thalictrifolia (Wallich) Hook. f. & Thomson, Fl. Ind. 272. 1855; Hook. f., l. c.


Herbs, climbing, ca 3 m long; stems grooved. Leaves 2 - 3 times ternately compound, exstipulate, ca 5 cm long; petioles ca 3 cm long; leaflets ovate-elliptic or ovate-spathulate, obtuse, apiculate, abruptly acute or cuneate at base, sometimes unequally so, 1 - 3.5 x 0.5 - 2 cm; veins 5 - 7 from base; terminal petiolules ca 1 cm long. Flowers yellow or rarely purple, ca 2 cm long, in leaf-opposed 7 - 10-flowered 2 - 7 cm long racemes; bracts lanceolate, 4 - 10 mm long, entire; pedicels filiform, up to 2.5 cm long. Sepals triangular, ovate, acuminate, entire, 2 - 3 mm long, glabrous, caducous. Petals yellow, acute, spurred; outer pair 1.8 - 2 cm long; inner pair unguiculate with crested lower lobe; nectariferous glands 4 - 5 x 0.8 - 1 mm, strongly hooked at apex. Ovary oblong, with slender style and quadrangular flattened stigma. Capsules ovoid-ellipsoid with persistent style and stigma, 14 - 20 x 6 - 8 mm, more or less fleshy; seeds numerous, in 4 rows, reniform, papillate, black, often with a small white aril.

Fl. & Fr. June - Dec.

Distrib. India: Climbing on shrubs in forests, 2000 - 2750 m. West Bengal, Sikkim and Meghalaya.

Bhutan.





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