Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Dicentra ventii Khanh in Fedde, Repert. Spec. Nov. 83: 540. 1972 (1973). D. scandens (D. Don) Walp., Repert. 1: 118. 1842, p. p.


Herbs, climbing, ca 45 cm long; stems slender, grooved, glabrous. Leaves alternate, biternate, exstipulate, ca 8 cm long; leaflets ovate, elliptic, narrowly lanceolate, spathulate, unequally acute or obtuse at base, 2.2 - 4 x 1 - 1.5 cm, drying grey, 3-nerved from base; ultimate leaflets tendrillar; petiolules slender, 1.5 - 2 cm long. Flowers yellow, ca 2 cm long, in 6 - 8-flowered leaf-opposed ca 8 cm long racemes, bracteate; peduncles ca 5 cm long; pedicels ca 3 cm long, slender, increasing in length in fruits. Sepals minute, ca 2 mm long. Petals unequal, ca 6 mm long; inner unguiculate, obcordate, panduriform, appendiculale at apex, dorsally cristate; spur ca 3 mm long, incurved; nectar glands 3 - 5 x 0.8 - 1 mm, deflexed but not hooked at apex. Ovary with slender style and quadrangular flattened stigma. Capsules linear-oblong or narrowly ellipsoid, attenuate at apex, abruptly rounded at base, 17 - 20 x 4 - 5 mm; style and stigma persistent; seeds numerous, papillate.

Fl. & Fr. July - Oct.

Distrib. India: Among scrubs, 1500 - 2700 m. West Bengal (Darjeeling) and Sikkim.

Endemic.

Notes. This species is quite distinct from D. scandens, especially in the shape of leaflets and capsules and in the greyish colour when dry.




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