Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

JSP Page
Cratoxylum cochinchinense (Lour.) Blume, Mus. Bot. 2: 17.1852. Hypericum cochinchinense Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 471. 1790. Ancistrolobus sp. Wight, Ill. Ind. Bot. 1: 111. 1840. Cratoxylum polyanthum Korthals in Temminck, Verh. Nat. Gesch. Ned. Bezitt. Bot. 175, t. 36. 1842; Dyer in Fl. Brit. India 1: 257. 1874 incl. vars.ligustrinum & wightii. Cratoxylum wightii; Blume, Mus. Bot. 2: 17.1852.


Shrubs or deciduous trees; branchlets terete, glabrous. Leaves elliptic to lanceolate, rarely ovate-lanceolate, obtuse to attenuate at base, obtuse to acuminate at apex, glabrous above and glaucous beneath; petioles 2 - 5 mm long. Flowers heterostylus 1 - 4 in axillary and terminal racemes; pedicels 1 - 2 mm long. Sepals 5, 5 - 7 x 3 - 3.5 mm, obovate to obovate-oblong, obtuse at apex, entire, black glandular punctate beneath. Petals 5, 7 - 8(-10) x 2.5 - 4.5 mm, obovate, rounded to truncate at apex, entire, glandular punctate. Stamens in 3 phalanges with ca 25 in each. Ovary 2.5 - 3 cm long, styles 3, ca 3 mm long. Capsules 8 - 12 x 4 - 5 mm, ellipsoid, partly covered by accrescent sepals. Seeds 6 - 7 x 2 - 3 mm, obovate with an unilateral wing.

Fl. & Fr. Throughout the year.

Distrib. India: Wild in Andaman & Nicobar Islands? elsewhere cultivated.

Myanmar, China, Hong kong, N. & S. Vietnam and Cambodia.

Notes. This species is included in this flora based on a collection of Helfer, records of its distribution by Kurz (For. Fl. Brit. Burma 1: 85. 1877) and Gamble (Man. Indian Timb. 48. 1922). So far this species has not been re-collected from Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Wood is regarded as suitable for building purposes and cabinet making. Sometimes cultivated in mainland India.




JSP Page
  • Search