Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cratoxylum formosum (Jack) Dyer in Fl. Brit. India 1: 258. 1874; Parkinson, For. Fl. Andaman 85. 1923. Elodea formosa Jack in Malay. Misc. 2: 24. 1822.


Medium-sized, deciduous trees, 10 - 25 m tall; stems di-to trichotomously branched from base; branchlets glabrous or pubescent to rusty tomentose. Leaves 3 - 13 x 1 - 7 cm, elliptic to oblong-lanceolate, sometimes ovate to obovate, acute, subacuminate, obtuse or rounded at apex, glaucous, black glandular punctate beneath; petioles 6 - 10 mm long. Flowers light pink to red, 1 - 8 in axillary peduncles at defoliate nodes. Sepals 5, 5 - 6.5 x 2 - 2.5 mm, ovate-elliptic, obtuse to truncate at apex, glabrous to pubescent. Petals 5, pinkish white to red, 8 - 12 x 3 - 6 mm, entire to infrequently fringed towards apex, sparsely black glandular punctate; petal scales 2 - 4 mm long. Stamens in 3 phalanges of ca 25 each; anthers up to 3 mm long. Ovary oblongoid to oblong-lanceolate; styles 3; stigmas capitate. Capsules 1 - 2.2 cm long, ovoid to ellipsoid, many-seeded. Seeds 5 - 7 x 2 - 2.5 mm, obovate, unilaterally winged.



KEY TO THE SUBSPECIES


1a. Plants glabrous; hypogynous scales 2 mm long, liguliform; capsules ellipsoid, 38 - 40-seeded 2.1. formosum
b. Young twigs, pedicels and outside of calyx rusty tomentose; hypogynous scales less than 1 mm long, truncate; capsules ovoid, 54 - 58-seeded 2.2. pruniflorum


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