Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Calophyllum austroindicum Kosterm. ex P. Stevens in J. Arn. Arb. 61: 250, f. 8 g-i 1980. C. trapezifolium auct. non Thwaites, 1858; Bourd., For. Trees Travancore 28. 1908.


Trees, 25 - 30 m tall; trunk ca 1 m in girth; branchlets glabrous, 4-angled to subulate, internodes 0.5 - 3 cm long; terminal bud plump, 2.8 - 3.5 mm long, tomentose. Leaves 3 - 7 x 1.2 - 3.5 cm, elliptic or trapeziform to obovate, narrowly cuneate to acute at base, rounded, retuse or subacute at apex, rigid, almost glabrous when mature, midrib prominent beneath, lateral veins 5 - 10(- 15),5 mm apart, parallel fine, more or less prominent on both surfaces, raised, angle of divergence 40 – 65°; petioles canaliculate above, almost glabrous. Racemes axillary, 7 - 17-flowered, glabrous; rachis 3 - 7.5 cm long, robust, glabrous or sparsely pubescent towards base. Flowers white, ca 2 cm in diam., bisexual; bracts unknown; pedicels 6 - 18 mm long, glabrous. Sepals 4, subequal, outer 2 smaller than inner, 3.7 - 5 x 3.5 - 6 mm, suborbicuar, inner ones ca 6 x 4 mm. Petals 4, rarely 6, 4.5 - 8 x 1.5 - 4 mm, elliptic, oblong to obovate. Stamens numerous (ca 100 - 125); filaments ca 2.5 mm long; anthers 0.7 - 1.3 mm long, elliptic to oblong. Ovary 1.5 - 1.8 mm long, globose, styles slender, 1.5 - 2 mm long; stigmas peltate, 0.7 - 1 mm across, 3-radiate. Berries 3 - 3.3 x 1.6 - 23 cm, ovoid, rostrate at apex, green, purple (?) when mature; stone ca 2.5 x 15 cm, ellipsoid, smooth.

Fl. & Fr. Nov. - June.

Distrib. India: In forests of Western Ghats between 600 and 1530 m. Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Endemic.




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